When we think of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the 1st issue which usually arrives to mind is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually that’s all shifting as a result of the groundbreaking function of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by way of their organization, Mico-lógica.
Based mostly in the village of Benito Juárez, situated in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more commonly acknowledged as the Sierra Norte, the state’s primary ecotourism region), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to prepare the two Mexicans and visitors to the nation in the low-price cultivation of a variety of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, nutritional and environmental (sustainable) benefit of mushrooms and to conduct ongoing study with regards to the best possible climatic regions and the diversity of substrata for mushroom tradition.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in truth to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Of course, coming all the way to Mexico from France to go after my interest in mushrooms seems like a long way to journey,” Mathieu described in a current job interview in Oaxaca. “But there really wasn’t much of an opportunity to carry out scientific studies and develop a business in Western Europe,” he continues, “since reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but totally eradicated by The Church more than the course of centuries and I discovered that Mexico nevertheless maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary price of hongos. Mexico is far from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is a lot more than a 5 hour travel from the closest metropolitan middle. Appropriately, Mathieu sooner or later understood that remaining in Huautla, while keeping an historic allure and currently being in a geographic area conducive to functioning with mushrooms, would hinder his initiatives to expand a business and cultivate widespread interest in studying about fungi. Mathieu turned cognizant of the burgeoning reputation of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and in fact the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom competition), held annually in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom event. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico City in 2002. The two shared equivalent pursuits Jiménez had researched agronomy, and for shut to a decade experienced been doing work with sustainable agriculture tasks in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina area of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez became organization, and then daily life associates in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom species in their hands-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-working day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also teaching a reasonable bit about the medicinal utilizes of mushrooms, so far more time is needed,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it truly is predominantly [but not solely] a course on cultivation.”
Although coaching seminars are now only given in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez prepare to broaden functions to contain the two the central valleys and coastal locations of Oaxaca. The item is to have a network of producers growing different mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation based on the specific microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and therefore as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to different climatic locations is exceptional. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of various substrata, and that’s what we’re experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when developed on products which would normally be squander, this kind of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (which includes the fibrous waste produced in mezcal distillation), peas, the frequent river reed identified as carriso, sawdust, and the record goes on. mushroom growing kit which may possibly or else be remaining to rot or be burned, every single with adverse environmental implications, can sort substrata for mushroom cultivation. It ought to be noted, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a hugely sustainable, inexperienced market. In excess of the past numerous many years Mexico has in truth been at the fore in numerous areas of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even higher environmental very good:
“They can maintain up to thirty thousand moments their mass, having implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilized to thoroughly clean up oil spills by way of absorption and as a result are an crucial motor vehicle for habitat restoration. Study has been done with mushrooms in the struggle towards carpenter ant destruction it’s been suggested that the use of fungi has the possible to entirely revamp the pesticide market in an environmentally helpful way. There are literally hundreds of other eco-helpful programs for mushroom use, and in each and every circumstance the mushroom continues to be an edible by-item. Get a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Ways Mushrooms Can Conserve The Globe.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can usually be located offering their products on weekends in the natural marketplaces in Oaxaca. They are the two much more than pleased to go over the dietary benefit of their products which range from naturally their fresh mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with both chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 are not able to be identified in fruits or vegetables, and accordingly a diet which includes fungi is incredibly crucial for vegetarians who can’t get B12, most frequently contained in meats. Mushrooms can easily be a substitute for meats, with the gain that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones often discovered in industrially processed meat merchandise.
Mico-lógica also offer teas and extracts manufactured from various mushroom species, every single formulated as both a dietary supplement, or for their medicinal houses. Whilst neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological therapy for significant conditions, Mathieu’s personal analysis factors to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-heritage, to the current. He notes properties of mushrooms which can assist to restore the immune system, and therefore the use of fungi as a enhance in the treatment of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetes and managing higher cholesterol.
“We need to all be embracing the organic manufacturing of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It truly is so easy, it requires a minimum capital investment, and it provides significant benefits, equally for these ingesting hongos for dietary and medicinal factors, and for the producers, even small scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Nevertheless most of the dried mushrooms offered in Mexico are imported from China, and are not organic and natural. It’s a genuine disgrace on many ranges.”